New Guinea during World War II [18+]
The Pacific War was the theatre of World War II that was fought in the Pacific and East Asia mostly between Japan and the United States. In early 1942, Allies re-grouped and started the New Guinea campaign of the Pacific War which lasted until the end of the war in August 1945. New Guinea was strategically important because it was a major landmass to the immediate north of Australia. Its large land area provided locations for large land, air and naval bases. Check out these photos of New Guinea during World War II.
1. Australian soldiers and inhabitants of New Guinea at rest between battles.
The inscription on the flag – YMCA (Young Men’s Christian Association).
2. The natives of New Guinea standing next to stretchers with American soldiers of the 32nd Division.
They are resting before carrying them to the field hospital in Buna. Date: 1 December 1942
3. The natives of New Guinea carrying boxes with blood plasma on stretchers.
4. A Papuan Native receives basic guerilla training by Australian forces during the Japanese invasion of New Guinea, in case the Japanese invade his village.
Date: 15 July 1943
5. New Guinea tribesmen carrying the body of an American Soldier who was KIA in the fighting near Buna, New Guinea.
6. An Australian soldier, George “Dick” Whittington, is aided by Papuan orderly Raphael Oimbari, at the Battle of Buna-Gona.
Date: Christmas Day, 1942.
7. US Air Force Lieutenant Hoyt Eason standing on the background of the village near Port Moresby.
Date: circa 1942
8. Wounded gunner Alva Parker is helped out of the cockpit of SBD Dauntless bomber from Squadron VB-12 after landing on an aircraft carrier USS Saratoga (CV-3).
Date: 05 November 1943
9. US Navy airmen Alva Parker, wounded during a raid on Rabaul in New Britain, aboard USS Saratoga awaiting medical treatment.
Date: 05 November 1943
10. Australian soldiers posing with Japanese swords during the surrender of Japanese forces in New Guinea.
11. American bomber B-25 “Mitchell” comes out of the attack on the Japanese transport ship off the coast of New Guinea.
12. Lieutenant colonel Hatsuo Tsukamoto leads the attack of 5th unit of the Japanese marines near Kokoda in New Guinea.
13. Aircraft hit by bomb blast of preceding plane while attacking an enemy ship on Hansa Bay, New Guinea.
Aircraft crashed into Hansa Bay. The entire crew died. Date: August 28, 1943
14. Japanese prisoners assist in raising midget submarine HA-53, Simpson Harbor, Rabaul.
15. B-25 Mitchell bomber of the 405th Bomb Squadron “Green Dragons” employing the skip-bombing technique against enemy shipping, southwest Pacific, 1944-45.
16. American soldiers marching east of the town of Aitape.
17. American officer interrogates a Japanese prisoner.
Date: April/May 1944
18. F5B Lightning 42-67383 after collision with a P-40N A29-405 at Tadji Airfield.
Date: circa 1943
19. The crew of an American transport plane C-47 “Early Delivery” at the airport in New Guinea.
Second Lieutenant Preston Holden, pilot; Second Lieutenant John W. Foltz, pilot; Corporal Emil W. Erickson, engineer; and Private Clifford C. Fawn, radio operator.Date: February 14, 1943
20. Japanese fighter A6M2 “Zero” takes off from an aircraft carrier “Zuikaku” to attack the port and the Australian base at Rabaul.
21. Japanese fighter pilot Nishizawa Hiroyasu (西澤 広 義, 1920-1944) on the airfield at Lae, New Guinea.
Nishizawa is considered the most effective fighter of the Japanese Air Force in World War II with 87 aircraft shot down. Flown A6M ‘Zero’ (modification of M3 and M4). Died October 26, 1944 on board a transport aircraft Ki-49 was shot down, presumably, American fighter F6F 14th Fighter Squadron.
22. Remains of two Japanese G4M bombers at the airport Lae.
The photo was taken from the American A-20 bomber, flying at low altitude. Date: 1943
23. North American B-25s of the 42nd Bomb Group, Mar Strip near Cape Sansapor, New Guinea.
24. US Marines firing a 75 mm howitzer near the completed airstrip at Nadzab.
Date: September 1943
25. Two GIs approach a Jap dugout in Boone, New Guinea and prepper its entrance with preparatory fire from their M1 Garand rifles.
Date: March 1943
26. US reconnaissance photo of a Japanese seaplane base, New Guinea.
27. American fighter P-39D “Cobra”, was destroyed during the Japanese air raid in the province of Milne Bay.
28. American bomber B-25 “Mitchell” during the attack on the Japanese airfield Dagua, New Guinea.
29. Douglas A-20G Havoc of the 387th Bomb Squadron trailing smoke and losing altitude after being damaged by antiaircraft fire during an attack on Kokas, western New Guinea.
Date: 22 Jul 1944
30. Japanese Zero fighter at an airfield somewhere in the Pacific.
31. American soldiers are firing from a captured Japanese 120-mm gun type 3.
Date: March 1944